Work Package 1: European integration and European values
NoVaMigra asks how European values, in their diversity, have changed and are changing through the so-called migration- and refugee crisis – considering various parties, such as citizen groups, and policymakers and politicians at different levels. Ultimately, the project will ask where Europe should go from here and develop a vision for the future. The place of work package 1 in all this is as follows.
Firstly, this work package will develop a conceptual map, which will clarify different normative notions. There are several alternative and related notions to values (for example, norms, principles, rights, and duties) and the map will begin to discuss the advantages and drawbacks of these. In an everyday sense, all these notions have rather loose meanings. This may result in misunderstandings and unclarity. Consequently, there is an urgent need for the project to clarify the understanding of the different concepts and to develop a clear, common terminology. This is what the conceptual map aims to do, and it is all the more important because the project involves academics from different disciplines, such as philosophy, law and the social sciences.
The conceptual map will be developed particularly with an eye to the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the Community acquis and it will also specifically engage with the notion of European values. The map will be accompanied by a bibliography documenting the debates about the various notions. It will be rewritten at various points during the project. In its final form it will be a public document that aims to be useful to policymakers and other interested parties in the European public sphere.
Secondly, work package 1 will look further into the Charter and acquis and the specific value language found there – which foregrounds dignity, freedom, equality, solidarity, justice, etc. We will ask how the value aspects of the Charter can be reconstructed most coherently. This reconstruction will be deepened by studying the Charter’s history and its implementation and reception. All this will result in a report which will function as a working document for the researchers in the project. The implications of the concepts of dignity, freedom and equality as they are endorsed by the Charter will be investigated, specifically regarding women’s rights and migrants’ rights. In order to reach a valid normative understanding of the Charter, other legal sources will be considered as well.
Finally, with the analysis of normative concepts and the analysis of the Charter and Community acquis in the background, this work package will ask how values and other normative notions –and specifically European values– function when we look at different social and political actors, different countries, and different points in time during the refugee and migration crisis. This will also clearly show what tensions there are between different periods and actors. The end result will be an integrated matrix which we call a ‘value landscape’. This matrix updates the conceptual map and weaves together all the threads that the work package has developed regarding European values. The value landscape will be publicly available.