The research group “Cosmopolitan Europe“ will build on the other research groups‘ findings to ask in normative terms which form of cosmopolitan order the EU could and should evolve into in the future. Existing approaches to cosmopolitan justice or democracy often assume the EU to be the model for a globally cosmopolitan structure, but the way the EU reacted to the refugee crisis brought up the suspicion that this appraisal was premature. We aim to investigate to what extent this suspicion is correct, examining the tensions between existing practices in the wake of the migration crisis and existing models of cosmopolitanism. Yet we will also highlight latent cosmopolitan practices in politics, civil society and law in the EU, and analyze how these practices could serve as starting points for a refined cosmopolitanism in the EU – one which may be both legitimate domestically and integrated internationally.
We follow three specific research objectives:
1. Reviewing existing conceptions of cosmopolitanism and assessing their applicability to the European multilevel system, including its founding norms and values as laid out in the EU Charter and the Community acquis.
2. Assessing the possibilities and limits for a cosmopolitan Europe in light of existing practices, as detailed by the „Migration Policy“ and „Civil Society“ research groups. Drawing on their findings, we will identify both the challenges and the points of departure existing practices imply regarding a cosmopolitan perspective for Europe. The limits and possibilities identified can serve as a test to adapt, confirm or invalidate normative expectations.
3. Sketching a refined cosmopolitan idea(l) for Europe. Our proposal will draw on necessary components for any cosmopolitan structure, but equally be able to respond to the tensions identified both within European cosmopolitanism and between cosmopolitan ideas and the political status quo. It aims to show under which conditions the competing claims of democratic self-governance and human rights can be co-implemented. Moreover, we will identify relevant institutional starting points and appropriate means for transforming the idea of a cosmopolitan Europe into a European ideal.